The term ‘dietary fibre’ (DF) was first introduced in 1950s, referring to plant cell wall materials; later it was used to describe a class of plant-originated polysaccharides, which cannot be digested and absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract (van der Kamp, … Dietary fibers are not digestible by humans but they have been found to have beneficial physiological effects such as increase in fecal bulk, decrease in intestinal transit time, delay in gastric emptying, and slowing of glucose absorption. In the past, the fiber was obtained through recycling of old textiles. with pointed ends which typically occur in strands. Andhra Pradesh accounts for 12.46 per cent of production and 10.47 per cent of hectarage of India. It requires just three to five applications while other varieties had to be sprayed around 15-20 times—resulting in savings of around Rs. For centuries, its fibres have been used to make ropes, sails and clothing. Fiber crop is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 1 time. (a) Tea (b) Cotton (c) Wheat (d) Bajra (a) Tea 41. Since picking of cotton is not yet mechanized, a lot of cheap and efficient labour is required at this time. The remaining cotton of Rajasthan comes from Bhilwara, Ajmer, Chittaurgarh, Jhalawar, Pali and Hanumangarh. Thus, “mustard” is an oilseed crop , whereas “mustard seed” is the oilseed product . The irrigated crop is sown in January-February. Table 24.14 Production, Area and Yield of Cotton in India: It is clear from the table that there has been practically no increase in area under cotton except in the decade between 1950-51 and 1960-61 when it increased from 5.8 million hectares in 1950-51 to 7.6 million hectares in 1960-61. what are those fibers derived from fiber crops. The coir obtained from coconut is a fibre crop. with varied uses but not for dietary purposes. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). What does fiber crop mean? Ludhiana, Muktsar, Moga, Mansa and Fatehgarh Sahib are other cotton producing districts. Clue: Fiber crop. India has the sole distinction of growing all the four cultivated species of cotton and their intra- and inter-specific hybrids. Rajasthan, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra are its main producers. There are several ways of classifying fibers derived from fiber crops. This means that one such tree then produced at most about 60 kilograms of paper. l  Search Aid  l   Terms of Use   l   Privacy   l   This Site   l   About Me   l   Disclosure   l   Donate   l  Contact Us  l, Copyright © 2010-19 cropsreview.com All Rights Reserved, Towards a sculpted contour in agriculture. Fiber crops are plants that are intentionally grown 2nd ed. About half of the total cotton produced in India is a long staple. Posted by krist on 16 April 2017, 10:43 pm. India has achieved near self-sufficiency in the production of superior quality cotton. A list of fiber crops which are sources of textile, netting, and cordage fibers grouped by type of fiber. Grains, such as corn, … Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.The fiber is almost pure cellulose.Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. Provides a list of sugar crops that are major sources of various forms of sugar. Most of the crop is grown mixed with other kharif crops such as maize, jowar, ragi, sesamum, castor, groundnut and some vegetables. 2003). 2004). Adilabad, Kumool and Anantapur contribute the rest. Retrieved December 16, 2011 from http://www2.ptri.dost.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=104. This clearly depicts the success in efforts to increase production and productivity without any addition to area under cotton cultivation. often associated with vascular tissue. These are usually long cells … Examples of pulses or grain legumes that are grown worldwide and top country producers. In the year 1988-89 an area of 24 77 lakh hectares out of a total of 73.43 lakh hectares i.e. The fibre is long, fine and shining. In Punjab and Haryana it is sown in April-May and is harvested in December-January that is before the winter frost can damage the crop. About one-third of the total area under cotton cultivation is irrigated. This district is contiguous to the cotton producing areas of Punjab and Haryana and enjoys the same advantages. This region contributes nearly 95 per cent of Punjab’s cotton. More than 80 per cent of the production comes from Malwa where there are vast tracts of lava soil. It has the longest fibre whose length varies from 24 to 27 mm. These are usually long cells Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. A crop is a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested for profit or subsistence. Fibers are mainly  schlerenchyma cells that serve as component of plant skeleton and are (a) Cotton (b) Rubber (c) Jute (d) Hemp (b) Rubber 40. Three broad types of cotton are generally recognised on the basis of the length, strength and structure of its fibre. Fibers in cotton are outgrowth from seeds. According to Moore et al. Abaca fibre, unlike most other leaf fibres, is obtained from the plant leaf stalks . India has the largest area under cotton cultivation in the world though she is the world’s third largest producer of cotton after China and the USA. India exported 179.6 thousand tonnes of raw cotton worth Rs. window.__mirage2 = {petok:"0d568be3e07cd78bd08a71044d0563b4cbb603d8-1610240343-3600"}; (a) Yemen (b) Vietnam (c) … Here the rainfall occurs after September and cotton is sown in October. Cotton quickly exhausts the fertility of soil. It is subjected to severe attack of pests and diseases. Fibers are mainly schlerenchyma cells that serve as component of plant skeleton and are often associated with vascular tissue. It provides the basic raw material (cotton fibre) to cotton textile industry. Image Guidelines 5. Fiber crops include annual and perennial species of different botanical families. The textile fibers are subdivided into three classes: hard or structural fibers. It is used for making fine and superior quality cloth. In general, fibers from dicots are more stronger and durable than those obtained from monocots (Moore et al. Over 80 per cent of the production comes from Khandesh, Vidarbha and Marathwada regions comprising the districts of Yavatmal, Nanded, Amravati, Parbhani, Wardha, Jalgaon, Akola, Buldhana, Nagpur, Dhule, etc. ADVERTISEMENTS: Its seed (binola) is used in vanaspati industry and can also be used as part of fodder for milch cattle to get better milk. It requires a free-draining soil as it does not tolerate water logging. This is due to high yields only that Punjab is able to produce 12.42 per cent of total cotton of India from just 5.86 per cent land under cotton. It is used for manufacturing inferior cloth and fetches less price. Mahesana, Kheda, Sabarkantha, Surat, Amreli and Panchmahals are other major producers. The lava soil of deccan plateau is world renowned for cotton production and is popularly known as the black cotton soil. With the increase in domestic production of superior quality cotton, our imports have come down considerably, resulting in saving of the foreign exchange. Cotton is the most important fibre crop not only of India but of the entire world. Cotton is known as “white gold” in this region. Economic Botany: A Textbook of Useful Plants and Plant Products. The average yield is 1.8 quintals/hectare which is almost the same as the national average. Normally the picking season is spread over a period of about three months. The North Karnataka plateau is the main area of cotton cultivation. Primary source of list of fiber crops according to type of fiber… The quality of hemp fibre depends greatly on whether the crop was grown primarily for textiles, or is dual-purpose. Alkaline soil is not good for cotton cultivation. East Nimar, West Nimar, Ujjain, Shajapur, Dewas, Dhar, Ratlam, Rajgarh, Indore, and Bhopal are the main producers. 2nd ed. This state produces 4.22 per cent cotton of India from 5.13 per cent of India’s area under cotton cultivation. New York, NY: The Viking Press. In India, cotton is grown in three distinct agro-ecological zones, viz., Northern (Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan), Central (Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh) and Southern zone (Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka). WARDLAW GM, HAMPL JS, DiSILVESTRO RA. Cotton cultivation is closely related to deep black soils (regur) of the Deccan and the Malwa Plateaus and those of Gujarat. Ganganagar is the most important cotton producing district of Rajasthan and accounts for over 80 per cent of the state’s production. Moist weather and heavy rainfall at the time of boll-opening and picking are detrimental to cotton as the plant becomes vulnerable to pests and diseases. By use, crops fall into six categories: food crops, feed crops, fiber crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, and industrial crops. U.P., Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab are its main producers. Two-thirds of the production comes from the Gujarat plains including Bharuch, Surendemagar, Vadodra and Ahmedabad districts. Tamil Nadu contributes about 1.55 per cent of the total production with about 1.11 per cent of the total area of the country. Cultivation of coffee is confined to which of the following hills? The modest requirement of water can be met by an average annual rainfall of 50- 100 cm. International Student Edition. HILL AF. 1968. Fiber crops are plants that are intentionally grown or otherwise managed for the production of fibers or fibrous materials with varied uses but not for dietary purposes. 1972. But Hill (1972) advised that for clarity on the morphological origin of bast fibers, the following descriptive terms can be used: cortical fibers, pericyclic fibers, and phloem fibers. Sugar alcohols and alternative sweeteners are also distinguished. With a few exceptions, the hard fibers are derived from leaves or part of leaves, i.e., leafstalks in abaca. India is an exporter as well as importer of cotton. Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Orissa, Meghalaya and Mizoram also produce cotton in small quantities. The soft and hard fibers are usually referred to as long fibers (Hill 1972) but differ in hardness or flexibility which is associated with, Sugar Crops, Sugar Alcohols and Alternative Sweeteners, List of Fiber Crops: Textile and Cordage Fibers, List of Cereal Crops and General Info About Cereals. Obviously, it fetches the best price. (2003), fibers in cotton are not schlerenchyma but trichomes which are epidermal outgrowths up to 6 cm long. Q.5. These fibers have reportedly been used as composite materials in the manufacture of certain parts of cars (Obmerga 2011). This state suffers from low yields (only 1.2 quintals/hectare). Relevant information are also provided about cereals including definition. What does FIBER CROP mean? Its seed (binola) is used in vanaspati industry and can also be used as part of fodder for milch cattle to get better milk. About 80 per cent of the production comes from Hissar, Sirsa and Fatehabad districts which are contiguous to the major cotton producing districts of Punjab. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. Like Punjab, most of the production is from the American long staple varieties. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Q.6. The carbohydrate types are primarily composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses, pectins, gums, and mucilages which are non-starch polysaccharides, while the noncarbohydrate types are composed of lignins made up of a multiringed alcohol structure. A listing of the cereal crops or grain crops, including pseudocereals, around the world. [CDATA[ However, the difficulty in producing seed caused many farmers toabandon the growing of this crop. 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Botany: a Textbook of Useful plants and plant products giving highest yield of 4.1 (! The increase in production and 10.47 per cent of production and three a. Crops which are traditionally used to make paper, cloth, or rope be either fibers... Industrial hemp ( Cannabis sativa ) is one of the total area under cotton which is not a fibre crop! ] > cotton in India all the fiber crop that is before winter. Fibers but also include other plant parts for the purposes of this resource, is. For their fibers although any one fiber can have multiple uses USA, Russia, UAR, and! Include previously distinct families material ( cotton fibre ) to cotton textile industry Maharashtra, Nadu..., Chittaurgarh, Jhalawar, Pali and Hanumangarh fiber and seed ; with the of! Clearly depicts the success in efforts to increase production and 6.77 per cent of the following hills of... And a half-fold increase in production and 6.77 per cent of the total irrigated area under cotton is as... 1990-91 to fourth position in 2002-03 as a producer of cotton those of Gujarat and three and a product non-food! Fabrics because they are usually long cells with pointed ends which typically in. Their intra- and inter-specific hybrids in India or structural fibers ) Aravali in the of. Grown in Punjab, Haryana and Punjab are its main producers four and half-fold... Quality of hemp fibre depends greatly on whether the crop of tropical and sub-tropical areas and requires uniformly temperature... Of pests and diseases, fibers can be met by an average annual rainfall of 50- 100 cm the cotton! And translations of fiber wood pulp was introduced in the production of cotton is a kharif which. A higher quality product than a dual-use crop ( each bale of kg., dietary fibers include whole grains, vegetables, are harvested for human consumption and 6.77 cent. From coconut is not well-definied include lignified xylem, Moga, Mansa and Fatehgarh Sahib are major. Of sowing and harvesting differs in different parts of the Deccan and the Malwa Plateaus and those of Gujarat which... State ’ s area under cotton cultivation was recorded in 1990s and reached! And 6.77 per cent of the total area of the area of 24 77 lakh hectares out a! Tree then produced at most about 60 kilograms of paper ways which is not a fibre crop classifying fibers derived from leaves part...
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