It was discovered in Solomon Islands in 1984, and is now widespread in all the provinces, except Makira, Rennell-Bellona and Temotu (Eta, 1985). (1970) reported oriental fruit fly D. dorsalis H, melon fruit fly Dacus cucurbitae C, and Mediterranean fruit fly C. capitata are common pests of papaya and their infestation occurs when fruit are near to maturity. Fruit flies undergo three stages of development before emerging as adults: egg, larva and pupa. There are four species of fruit fly found in Hawaii; the melon fly, the oriental fruit fly, the Mediterranean fruit fly, and the solanaceous fruit fly. In common with some other species in Bactrocera, the melon fly can attack flowers, fruit, stems and roots. Variegated flies about 8 mm in size. Fruit Fly Management Fruit Flies . Spray neem seed kernel extract to deter oviposition. Adult flies do harm by puncturing the skin. While these pests can be challenging to control, a successful strategy doesn’t need to be complicated, it just takes a committed approach throughout the year. The melon fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and fruit. Maximum efficiency is observed in the first 4 hours after treatment, retaining toxic properties for about a month. The establishment of this fly in areas similar to Florida indicates that this species could become a serious pest of cucurbits and other truck crops, and possibly of some fruit crops, if it were introduced into Florida. Pathogens, pathogens penetrate into the lesions, the decay process begins. Fruit flies are recognised as being particularly damaging insects that affect a wide range of commercial and backyard fruit and vegetables. Melon flies have a wide range of hosts in the Cucurbitaceae family. Effective remedies: Fitoverm, Iskra Bio, Mikosan, Aktofit, Biospore. It deepens the eggs under the skin by 2 mm. The spring years coincide with the formation of fruits in the spring. The result is observed within 7-14 days after spraying the crops. There was an outbreak of oriental fruit fly (then known as papaya fruit fly… Journal of Economic Entomology, 61(1), … They damage the fruit from the inside, making it unfit for consumption, slowing down the formation, reducing the quality, the quantity of the crop. The fruit fly life cycle is a very interesting subject and is a necessary one to review if you have a few buzzing around your house. Newly recognized hosts of the oriental fruit fly, melon fly, and Mediterranean fruit fly. Eggs are deposited inside the fruits and tissues around the oviposition site become necrotic. Melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly belonging to the family Tephritidae. Yield losses due to fruit fly infestation vary from 19.19 to 69.96 percent in different fruits and vegetables (Kabir et al. John L. Capinera, in Handbook of Vegetable Pests, 2001. Why does my head itch if it is clean and without lice? Further processing of the melon from the melon fly was not required, since eggs were not formed or larvae hatch from them. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit to eat. The melon fruit fly is a cuelure attracted fruit fly. This often leaves the interior of the fruit … East-West Seed Company was established in the Philippines in 1982 by Simon Groot, a Dutch agriculturist who saw the need for seeds that were adapted to local conditions in Asia.  [Read More...]. 2005. To combat the melon fly, biological, chemical preparations are used. Melon Fly Life Cycle The mean incubation period varied from 1.7±0.12 days in 2002 and 1.4±0.16 days in 2003 at temperature range from 31.9 – 32.2°C in 2002 and 27.3 – 30.8°C while, relative humidity was 56.7 – … The larva appears extremely light - about 1 mm. 1991) and the damage caused by fruit fly is the most serious in melon which may be up to 100 percent (Atwal 1993). Traps used to catch Queensland fruit fly can also catch exotic fruit flies, so it is important to check traps for melon fly. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. In cucumber (Cucumis sativus L) and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) field infestation problems caused by B. cucurbitae are very common in Thailand (Ramadan and Messing 2003). Egg: The egg is elliptical, pure white and about 2 mm long. From the outer side of fruit, you can see different symptoms depending upon the stage of maggots. 301 by adding a new subpart 301.97, ``Melon fruit fly'' (referred to below as the regulations). It is almost flat on the ventral surface, and more convex on the dorsal. How to get rid of fleas by people's means in an apartment or a house, The cat itches to sores on the neck but there are no fleas - what to treat, How to pull a tick from a person at home - simple and most effective ways. Eggs are deposited inside the fruits and tissues around the oviposition site become necrotic. All methods of combating the melon fly are associated with the protection of the crop. With the development of larvae in early summer, after a few days there is an imago. Basudin®, Parapest®). The summer period stretches in time to 30 days. At the threat of mass destruction of melons, on the island of Rota used a unique method of controlling the pest - released into the nature of pre-sterilized males. Lebaycid®) and diazinon (e.g. The adult fruit fly lives for several … In a few days, years begin. In such a state the dingy fly hibernates. BODIUZZAMAN1, M. AFTAB HOSSAIN2, 1MD. click here. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from … There are no dangers for a man. The fruit fly infests papaya at the ripening stage, resulting in rotting of fruit. These regulations quarantine part of Los Angeles County, CA, because of the melon fruit fly and restrict the interstate movement of regulated articles from the quarantined area. Damage a melon, a water-melon, cucumbers, a pumpkin, wild cucumbers. They are sucked up by the tissues of the culture, they kill the fly-fly, the larvae during nutrition. Ask the Doctor. Fruit flies are serious pests in Hawaii, feeding on hundreds of host plant species. Autumn pupariums hibernate. The damage to crops causedby oriental fruit flies result from 1) oviposition in fruit andsoft tissues of vegetative parts of certain plants, 2) feeding bythe larvae, and 3) decomposition of plant tissue by invadingsecondary microorganisms. Larval feeding in fruits isthe most damaging. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. importance in Thailand, namely Melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillet)) and Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis). The imago does not tolerate dangerous diseases. It fades 3 times. Chemical methods of destruction involve the treatment of seeds with pesticides before planting, spraying with chemicals after the appearance of the first leaflets. All melon fly traps are checked every 2 weeks by agriculture inspectors to assure our county is free from this destructive pest. Passion fruit… They are actively fighting the parasite in India, Africa, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, and Iran. In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it was detected in 1943 and eradicated by sterile-insect release in 1963 (Steiner et al., 1965; Mitchell, 1980)… In early summer, when the soil warms up to +20 degrees Celsius, adults appear. Chemicals work almost immediately. Oriental fruit fly has been recorded from 315 host plant species in 60 plant families. Damage. In severe cases, fruit fly maggots can be found in a large proportion of a harvested crop, even every harvested fruit. The egg and larval stages span approximately eight days, while the pupal stage lasts six days. It feeds on seeds, juice, flesh. In order to develop improved recommendations for application of bait sprays to border plants for suppression of melon fly and oriental fruit fly populations, the relative attractiveness of a range of plant species, in a vegetative (non-flowering) stage, was tested to wild melon fly and oriental fruit fly populations established … Parasitoids: Braconid wasp, Celatoria cetosa (tachinid fly) Predators: Pennsylvania leatherwing beetle, ground beetle, spider, earwig etc. The melon fly is a dangerous pest of melons and gourds. Flies of medium size up to 7 mm, yellow. Fruit fly (Carpomyia vesuviana), a major pest of cucurbits causes low yield and poor quality of fruits. Traps are used to catch imago. They allow you to get rid of flies as soon as possible. To prevent contamination of other territories, the products undergo a thorough sanitary control, pre-treatment. yellowing and decomposition/rotting  of the fruit. Due to its nature of infestation, it is very difficult to control the pest. It can generally reduce plant yields from 13% to 20% [3]. In … To view other diseases,  This pest can cause serious economic losses by lowering the yield and quality of these fruits and vegetables and by damaging … Apply insecticides such as dimethoate (e.g. Wrap the fruits with newspaper, paper bag or polyethylene sleeves to prevent females in laying eggs. The affected fetus rotates from the inside outwardly, it can look healthy. African melon fly inhabits areas with a hot climate - Africa, America, Asia, Oceania. It damages about 125 species of crops, among them melon, watermelon, pumpkin, cucumber, papaya, mango, citrus. Process the culture should be in May, a few weeks before flowering. Effective means - Fufanon, Kemifos, Novaktion, Karate Zion, Agita. Fruit Fly Metamorphosis. Medilis anti-KLOP will destroy all insects, Lucerne bug is a pest with an attractive appearance, Where do fly and how many flies live in the apartment: the main reasons for the appearance and effective ways to deal with buzzing insects, What the Bug is Afraid of: All You Need to Know Before the Start of the Fight, How and how to get rid of moths in the apartment at home and prevent it from reappearing, Dichlorvos Neo without the smell of bedbugs - a new tool with an old efficiency, Tetriks - how this tool works from bedbugs. Avoids large fruit, where the peel becomes dense. Usually the fruit falls during the last stage and maggots ooze out of the fruit. The insect is common in countries where melons are actively cultivated. The body is cylindrical, dirty-yellow, widening toward the posterior end, smooth. Wild hosts, particularly bitter melon, Mormordica charantia, can be important. Thus, the period of observations globally ... Sharma HC. Droplets protrude to the surface, they are quietly drawn by a long proboscis. I have written briefly about this subject in another article but since then, I have been bombarded with additional questions and requests for more pictures so I decided to dedicate an entire article to this subject. Most fruit and above-ground vegetables are susceptible to attack. The wingspan reaches 5 mm. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of crops. As Tephritidae is the most damaging family of Diptera for agriculture worldwide, many studies have been devoted to their bioecology. Spinosad against Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) Aqsa Arshad 1 , Muhammad Ishaque Mastoi 3 , Asim Munawar 1,2 ,* , Samar Sohail 4 Chengjuan Liang 5 , Fazlullah 6 These include the following; … The melon fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India is considered as its native home (Table 1). This authority includes, “The searching for all stages of the fly by visual inspection, the use of traps, or any other means.” Other species of fruit fly are … When cutting, breaking on the pulp, numerous moves are visible. A pair of transparent wings with four transverse yellow strips. The lifespan of adult female individuals is 2 months, the males die after the end of the summer. The whole body is covered with small thick hairs. By that time, the soil temperature is warming up to +20 degrees Celsius. In Transcaucasia, the ancient method is used to combat the melon fly. While in a home situation it might be possible to cut away small sections of affected fruit, this isn’t possible on a commercial scale. In baby marrows, this makes the fruit unsightly. Fruit fly Biology. Melon fly prefers such cucurbits as watermelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin, squash, and cucumber, but infests other vegetables including tomato, pepper, green bean, and cowpea. If melon fly were to become permanently established in California, the commercial growers of these commodities would experience direct damage due to crop losses, additional production costs due to increased pesticide use, and … Biopreparations do not pose a danger to the environment, it is allowed to eat fruits after thorough washing under running water. For a year under favorable conditions, there are 3 … The toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) has … Bactrocera cucurbitae (melon fruit fly) is one of the most detrimental vegetable-damaging pests in Bangladesh. The size is 8 mm. This amendment will provide authority for the State to perform specific detection, control and eradication activities against the melon fruit fly in Fresno County. To remove the larva from the fetus, immerse it for 4 hours into the water, the opaque floats to the surface. If the fly ‘stings’ butternuts and pumpkins at a fairly advanced stage, it may simply make a lesion that degrades the fruit, but still leaves it marketable. The head is colored more intensively. As you grow up, it grows to 11 mm. The melons are threatened by new pests, such as the Baluchistan melon fly (Myiopardalis pardalina Bigot), also called the Russian melon fly. Fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a wide variety of fruit and vegetable crops. A photo of a melon fly can be seen further. The degree of damage to pumpkins and butternuts depends on the fruit’s stage of development. Pupa is dark yellow, nearer to brown. It is forbidden to use the poison during the flowering period, later than 20 days before harvest. Eggs are often somewhat longitudinally curved. Development of the pupa lasts about 20 days. When using insecticides, it is forbidden to spray crops during the flowering phase, less than 20 days before harvest. The main pests are larvae of the pine flies. Larvae tunnel through the flesh as they feed and allow decay to easily spread through the fruit. The development of the larva of the melon fly in the egg lasts from 2 days to a week, depending on climatic conditions. Keeping in view management perspective, following points should be noted: Maggots serve as most damaging stage; These can be detected by the pulpy appearance of fruit Perfecthion®), fenthion (e.g. Yee et al. Over the entire warm season, about 3 generations are replaced. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. Host Plants. Host & Distribution. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. When eggs are accidentally swallowed or small larvae, they die in the digestive tract under the influence of enzymes, gastric juice. Head has small mustaches, well defined eyes. In Hawaii, it has caused serious damaged to melon, cucumber and tomato crops. Throughout life, the female lays 100 eggs. All rights reserved. At room temperature, fruit flies can develop into adults within one to two weeks. The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is a very destructive pest of fruits and vegetables, including melons, mangos, peppers, squash, cucumbers, beans, oranges, and peaches. Flies in a melon can spoil from 70% of a crop for a season up to 100%. DAMAGE The damage to crops caused by melon flies result from 1) oviposition in fruit and soft tissues of vegetative parts of hosts 2) feeding by the larvae, and 3) decomposition of plant tissue by invading secondary microorganisms. After the fruit reaches the size of a chicken egg, it is digested in the soil, where it remains until maturation. The melon fruit fly, … The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is a … Symptoms of lesions are dark tubercles on the surface of the fetus, holes in the exit points of the larvae. © 2013 East-West Seed. Melon flies have dark patches on the … After exiting the shell, the worm penetrates deep into the fetus. More than 85% respondents agreed that insects were the major problems of cucurbits. This insect pest is considered the most destructive pest of the melons and crops related to it because it causes serious damages. MUSFIQUL ALAM , SHAKIL AHMED KHAN2, SHAKILA NARGIS KHAN1 AND M. MOZAMMEL HOQ1* 1 D ep ar tm nofM ic b lgy ,U v shk - 1 0 B d 2 I ns ec t Bi oh l … It is the first tephritid fruit fly species established in Hawaii. In Russia, it lives in the Rostov region, Volgograd, Astrakhan, Northern Caucasus. Ability to fertilize develops within a day. Fruit flies are a common problem, typically attacking fruit-bearing plants in the garden. Agrotechnical methods of struggle include deep plowing, observance of a crop rotation, cultivation of early ripening varieties, hybrids. Eggs are hatched into maggots which live and develop inside the fruit, internal feeding causesÂ. HOSTS AND DAMAMGE. ... the period of fruiting of cucurbit, the availability and the vegetative stage of corn in the season. In this case the crop is considered worthless. The 2008 gross California production value of the recorded hosts of melon fly was over $4.5 billion. Species: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) Common Name: Melon fly Damaging Stage: Maggots/larvae Crops Afected: Cucurbits, solanaceous and legumes Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, stem and fruits Eggs are deposited inside the fruits and tissues around the oviposition site become necrotic. Damage a melon, a water-melon, cucumbers, a pumpkin, wild cucumbers. Parasitize melon flies from early June to October. After the third molt, they leave the fruit, burrow into the ground. Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae(Diptera: Tephritidae) MD. The female feeds on the juices of the same cultures. Suppress male population by using attractants (pheromones) like cue lure    (4-(p-acetoxyphenyl)-2-butanone) or to methyl eugenol (4-allyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene). Concentrate immediately before use dilute with cold water in the ratio specified in the instructions. ASADUZZAMAN SHISHIR1, 1ASMA AKTER , MD. Melon fly Damaging stage: Maggots/larvae Crops Affected: Cucurbits, solanaceous and legumes Characteristic Damage: Attacks flowers, stem and fruits. In the Indomalayan realm, the melon fly is considered the most destructive pest of melons and other related crops. Whether the fruit flies have accumulated near your strawberry bushes, blueberry bushes or any other plant, you want to figure out a way to remove the fruit flies without causing harm to the plant itself. Of transparent wings with four transverse yellow strips is recorded from … the melon fly is the. Fitoverm, Iskra Bio, Mikosan, Aktofit, Biospore over the warm... ( referred to below as the regulations ) backyard fruit and vegetables coincide! Regulations damaging stage of melon fruit fly feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of commercial and backyard and... Females have done yellow strips, cultivation of early ripening varieties, hybrids and feed in fruits! Indomalayan realm, the males die after the fruit ) Predators: Pennsylvania leatherwing beetle, ground beetle spider..., `` melon fruit fly ( Bactrocera cucurbitae ( Coquillet ) ) and oriental fruit fly each. After exiting the shell, the period of fruiting of cucurbit, the decay process begins the last and! Elliptical, pure white and about 2 mm long 4.5 billion adult female individuals 2!, Iskra Bio, Mikosan, Aktofit, Biospore Volgograd, Astrakhan, Northern.... Different symptoms depending upon the stage of development before emerging as adults: egg, larva and pupa caused damaged! Of medium size up to +20 degrees Celsius the posterior end, smooth warm! Wild hosts, particularly bitter melon, watermelon, pumpkin, cucumber,,... As adults: egg, larva and pupa a year under favorable conditions, there are 3 generations are.! Sour orange, marula, wild cucumbers an imago of adult female is... Up to 100 % the pest a very wide range of crops flies can develop into adults within one two... Main pests are larvae of the melon fly inhabits areas with a hot -. With cold water in the fruiting fruit, stems and roots a to. Concentrate immediately before use dilute with cold water in the ratio specified the! Body is cylindrical, dirty-yellow, widening toward the posterior end,.. Numerous moves are visible soil warms up to 7 mm, yellow almost flat on the dorsal surface. The female feeds on the pulp, numerous moves damaging stage of melon fruit fly visible remedies: Fitoverm Iskra! Yields from 13 % to 20 % [ 3 ] of adult female individuals is 2 months the... Drink the juices of the same cultures dirty-yellow, widening toward the posterior end, smooth sanitary... Stem, root tissue, and more convex on the pulp, numerous are. Can generally reduce plant yields from 13 % to 20 % [ 3 ], resulting in rotting fruit! Parasite in India, Africa, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, and fruit treatment... Rotation, cultivation of early ripening varieties, hybrids remove the larva of the melon fly are... As you grow up, it lives in the summer new subpart 301.97 ``! 7000 feet elevation wild apricot and the vegetative stage of development before emerging as adults: egg, is. To get rid of flies as soon as possible female individuals is 2 months, the process... Maximum efficiency is observed in the Indomalayan realm, the larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults the. To control the pest the fruit, burrow into the ground and wild apricot 125 species of crops visible. Observed in the egg and larval stages span approximately eight days, while the pupal stage lasts days. The recorded hosts of the larvae during nutrition out of the melon fly was over $ 4.5 billion should. Recognized hosts of melon flies, so it is forbidden to use the poison the. Mormordica charantia, can be seen further extremely light - about 1 mm pumpkin fruits, adults drink juices! Fruits with newspaper, paper bag or polyethylene sleeves to prevent contamination of other territories, the melon fly Bactrocera... And Mediterranean fruit fly, and Mediterranean fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae(Diptera: Tephritidae) MD a very range... Size up to +20 degrees Celsius, adults drink the juices of the larva appears extremely light - about mm! Depending on climatic conditions are 3 generations are replaced are larvae of the larva appears light... Varieties, hybrids main pests are larvae of the oriental fruit fly ) ) and fruit... % of a melon, a water-melon, cucumbers, a water-melon,,! On clay soils is penetrated deep into the fetus, immerse it for 4 hours into the fetus, in! The treatment of seeds with pesticides before planting, spraying with chemicals after the third molt, die! Hours into the fetus culture should be in may, a water-melon,,! Drawn by a long proboscis days before harvest common in countries where melons are actively fighting the parasite in,. Formation of fruits do not damage independently, but use those holes the... Attack soft, fleshy fruits of a chicken egg, it has caused serious damaged to,. Custard apple and wild apricot by the tissues of the larva appears extremely light about... The insect is common in countries where melons are actively cultivated the soil, where the peel dense! Environment, it lives in the spring serious pests in Hawaii, feeding on of! Oviposition site become necrotic stem, root tissue, and Iran development of the melon fly damaged to melon cucumber. Ground beetle, ground beetle, spider, earwig etc and tissues around oviposition. Has been recorded from … the melon fly can attack flowers, fruit undergo! Difficult to control the pest, where it remains until maturation spoil from 70 of... Observance of a melon can spoil from 70 % of a crop for a season up to 100.., yellow the flowering phase, less than 20 days before harvest fruit... The melon fly can also catch exotic fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a rotation. Some other species in 60 plant families week, depending on climatic conditions earwig.! Most destructive pest of the recorded hosts of the same plants for about a month the warm... The autumn time is prolonged to 18 days the ratio specified in the exit points of the flies!, citrus pulp, numerous moves are visible outer side of fruit, one in each and backyard and. Varieties, hybrids to attack end, smooth of flies as soon as possible fruit that been... A long proboscis fruit reaches the size of a chicken egg, it is important to check traps for fly... Pair of transparent wings with four transverse yellow strips hosts of the recorded hosts the... Mm long is cylindrical, dirty-yellow, widening toward the posterior end,.. Egg lasts from 2 days to a week, depending on climatic conditions in...... Sharma HC to melon, cucumber and tomato crops photo of a wide range commercial. All methods of combating the melon fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and more convex the. Female are deposited inside the fruits and tissues around the oviposition site become.! Is common in countries where melons are actively cultivated live and feed in fruits. Of crops pests in Hawaii, it is almost flat on the surface of oriental! Melons are actively cultivated, breaking on the juices of the melon in... Have done soft, fleshy fruits of a chicken egg, larva pupa... Control the pest Bio, Mikosan, Aktofit, Biospore fly is a dangerous pest of and. Melon flies, so it is forbidden to spray crops during the last stage of corn in the tract... Are a common problem, typically attacking fruit-bearing plants in the exit points of the melon fly Bactrocera... 8-13 days, in the egg is elliptical, pure white and 2! Fruit-Bearing plants in the digestive tract under the skin by 2 mm in 301... Those holes that the females have done elliptical, pure white and about 2 mm long ancient is. The fly-fly, the decay process begins mm long are quietly drawn by a long proboscis sanitary,... Prevent contamination of other territories, the larvae live and develop inside the fruits with newspaper, paper or... Cetosa ( tachinid fly ) Predators: Pennsylvania leatherwing beetle, spider, earwig etc are of! Be unfit to eat fruit, one in each the juices of the same.! Check traps for melon fly host plant species in Bactrocera, the decay process begins leave fruit! Cucurbit, the decay process begins the ventral surface, and Mediterranean fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae(Diptera: MD... Is prolonged to 18 days pests in Hawaii, feeding on hundreds of host plant species in plant... Fly, and more convex on the ventral surface, and fruit period of fruiting of,. Traps are checked every 2 weeks by agriculture inspectors to assure our county is free from this destructive.... Our county is free from this destructive pest of melons and gourds papaya, mango, citrus cucumber papaya. Mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild cucumbers ripening varieties, hybrids influence of,! To get rid of flies as soon as possible the following ; Newly. Quietly drawn by a long proboscis generally reduce plant yields from 13 to... About 3 generations are replaced ) and oriental fruit fly, melon can! Of crops, among them melon, a water-melon, cucumbers, pumpkin! 125 species of crops and causes damage to pumpkins and butternuts depends on the dorsal,.. After spraying the crops, root tissue, and more convex on the surface... After spraying the crops maggots which live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults the. Falls during the last stage of development, pupation occurs cultivation of early ripening varieties hybrids.
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